The number one item that you cannot live without during a disaster is water. Experts recommend having at least three days of water available for each person in a home, but you also need to consider a family pet’s needs. If you are in a situation where there is no bottled water in a home, then become resourceful by filling as many containers as possible with clean tap water. You can also fill a bathtub with water to use it for drinking purposes.
Essential Disaster Emergency Kit Item Two: Working Telephone
In a disaster, you need to contact authorities with either a landline telephone or cellphone. Keep your cellphone charged at all times in order to make an emergency call to firefighters or law officials. If you think that the electrical power will go off in your home, then charge a cellphone immediately. Only use a telephone for emergencies during a disaster because many other individuals may have worse situations that require fast assistance.
Essential Disaster Emergency Kit Item Three: Shelter from Weather
Many emergency disasters are caused by inclement weather such as a blizzard or tornado, and having shelter from moisture and low temperatures is vital. Your disaster kit should include a ready-made tent to protect you from rain. In addition, have sleeping bags or blankets available for protection from hypothermia. If you live in an area with hot year-round temperatures, then having a mosquito net in your kit can prevent infection from diseases.
Essential Disaster Emergency Kit Item Four: Food
Without nourishment for a few days, you are at risk of having health issues. There is a good chance that you cannot cook food because there is no natural gas or electricity in your area after severe weather occurs. If you can cook food, then make sure the perishable items are still fresh to avoid illness. The best emergency food is lightweight and easy to carry in case you need to fill a backpack and leave the area. Choose foods such as grain bars or freeze-dried fruit that provide energy and vitamins.
Essential Disaster Emergency Kit Item Five: First Aid Kit
When a disaster occurs in your area, there is a higher risk of injury from broken glass and sharp metal objects. Make sure to have a first aid kit available that has items such as bandages, antibiotic ointment and pain relievers. If you have a medical condition such as diabetes mellitus, then keep a supply of insulin and syringes available that will last at least five days.
Essential Disaster Emergency Kit Item Six: Flashlight and Batteries
Without power in your home, you need emergency lighting such as a flashlight and batteries. During a hurricane, the area you live in may get dark, and without lighting, you risk injuries from falling down a flight of stairs. A basic flashlight and extra batteries are also portable to place in a bag in order to leave the scene of the disaster.